ANAMUR AND ITS VICINITY  -

 

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CAVES OF ANAMUR

THE HOUSES OF ANAMUR

MAMURE CASTLE

THE MOSQUE OF MAMURE CASTLE

MAMURE TURKISH BATH

ALABRIDGE

TOL CARAVANSARY

ANAMUR WHITE MOSQUE

AKARCA KHAN

   ALTI KAPI KHAN

   ÇOBAN CASTLE

   ANAMUR MUSEUM

   TİTİOPOLİS

   ANEMURIUM

   DEMİROLUK

   KÖRİSTANLIK

   THE MAP OF ANAMUR

BONCUKLU KALE

AZITEPE

ANITLI WATCH TOWER

OTAK VILLAGE CHAPEL BUILDING

AYVASIL

KANDACIK NECROPOL

ARAB HOLE

SIHARDICI

HALKALI

ABANOZ

ZİNCİRLİTEPE

FILIR CASTLE

GÖZTAŞI

OVABASI

NINFEUM

ZAVRAKTAŞ

KUDRET CASTLE

CENNET COVE

 

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ANAMUR AND ITS VICINITY

In Kilikia, Anamur and its vicinity that stays out of the main transit roads of the armies of merchant caravans in old ages has a quality of giving valuable information.

 

Anamur; bounded to the city of Mersin, is situated on the highway number 24 of our country. Its area is 2005 in square meters. It is 230 km far avay from Mersin, l38 km from Silifke, 16 km from Bozyazı. 79 km. from Gazipaşa, 52 km, from Aydıncık, and 125 km. from Alanya, In the west side of it Gazipaşa bounded to Antalya, in the north-east Gülnar, in the north Ermenek bounded to Karaman, and in the east side Bozyazı are located.

 

 

Cape Anamur formed by Paleosoic (fırst epoch) 570-225 millions year old lime stones. The edge mountaines which surrounded the plane are,formed in Paleosoikin perm and carbonifer periods. 2 nd epoch cretase (170 million years) and 3rd epoch marine (miosen, 65 million years) areas follow the paleosoic area. On the other hand, Anamur Plain is formed in quaterner (2 million years).

 

The main Taurus Mountains which are in the citv limits of Mersin has such heights as,: Alamusa Mountain 2013, Karagedik Mountain 650, Dayılı Sarmış Mountain 1316, Elmakuz Mountain 1600 meters.

In the outskirts of the mountains, that turn to see, pleteaus are formed. In Anamur, The Dragon "Arymagdus'; The Sultan Creek, In Bozyazı The Sini Creek, and in Kaladran The Anıtlı (Kaladran) Creek pour the waters of this large plateau including the district of Boyazı after Anamur.

Harita 2 - Map 2 (Antike Welt)

 

The plant cover, forming, the,forests around Anamur, are red pine, blackpine, cedar, fır tree, juniper; oak, poplar, ash tree, boz tree, chinar, tesbi, piynar oak and all the maquis originated in Mediterranean.

Despite the limited agricultural lands, banana, olive, citrus, fruits, date fruit, sesame, peanut, and nearly all the species of fruits and vegetables are produced. The most delicious fish of Mediterranean are caught in the shores of Anamur.

 

Anamur was under the effect of Kizuvatna Kingdom in the era of Hittite. Sometimes this kingdom became bounded to Hittites. The settlement came under the dominance of Assyria in the 8th. century B.C.. ln the 6 th. century it came under the dominance of Persians who came to Anatolia. In 333 B.C., at the time of Alexander the Great's East Expedition, it became bounded to The Macedonian Kingdom. In this period, the city called Anemurion was surrounded by two strings of interconnecting city walls which looked Iike a castle and reached to our period by some restorations. At that period the coast road which Iied from Soloi to Aspendos went through Anemurion. The settlement captured by Seleukos, one of the states founded after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., came under the dominance of Rome in the l,st. century. B.C.. The Roman emperor Caligula gave some of the shore cities situated on the east. Mediterranean coast and also Anemurion to the Kommagene Kingdom.

As the Roman Empire was divided into two, Anamur and its vicinity came under the dominance Byzantine (395 A.D.) In the aera of Byzantine dominance, the Arabian attacks towards Anatolia began in the time of Mansur, the Abbasia Caliph. (8th century). After that date Anamur changed owners between Arabian and Byzantine just like some other regions in the south of Anatolia. After Seljuks conquered the castle of Anamur, the earea came under the dominance of Turks. The settlement, coming under dominance of Karamanoğulları after Seljuks became powerless, became a land of Ottoman Empire in the second half of l5th century.

The Turkish clans settling in Anamur belong to the YİVA clan of Oğuz Turks. One of the great foundings in İç-İl was the YİVA tribe at the time of 2. Bayezid. YİVAs in İç-İl are divided into two as minor and major. It is registered that there were forty villages belonging to YİVA clan in this period.

The bronze document (certificate), found in Kalınören (Titiopolis) and dated as 137 A.D. belonging to a Roman Soldier who was retired from Damascus regiment, is an edivence that Anamur and its vicinity have been a place for rest and holiday in Roman period as well as today.

 

In Anamur and its vicinity, the peaks of mountains coming down from the inner parts of Taurus become a united whole with the cliffs by creating a fascinating scene. As one goes through the mountains from the seaside, he can reach to numberless high pleteau settlements These mountains that are embellished by various kinds of flowers and mountain lilies have an incredible effect through the array of bright colourts in spring.

Weaving carpets which is an important way of aesthetic production in nomadic communities bring Middle Asian motif relations into our day. These carpets are called beady, pied, paneled and "çiğni düşük".

Original National Arts together with original folk dances which apply, dances being gathered from the district, have won first, prize in Turkey many times and announce their fames aIl over the world.

 

At a period that the ratio of damp is low, watching the island of Cyprus creates an eternal feeling.

In winter, if the weather i.s nice, you may have the opportunity of skiing after you swim.

After you have swum in Anemurium sea which is as clean as a pure spring and that presents a priceless scenery by its remains, you may watch open sea by climbing French lighthouse among the historical remains.

Anemurium Feneri -Anemurium Light Tower

 

 

The waters, coming into being as a huge spring with a 5 m. width from the higherparts, reach to the sea with the Dragon Creek.

Caretta - Carettas live with the people in the sandy beaches of Anamur and its vicinity. It is stated that 50.000 infants from 500 holes can reach to the sea after they come out of the egg at the beaches which have a high tortoise population.

                                        Deniz Kaplumbağası (Caretta - Caretta) - Sea Turtle (Caretta Caretta)

Akdeniz Foku - Mediterranean Seal ( Monachus Monachus)

Pullu Orman Kampı - Pullu Forest Camping

 

On the shores of Anamur there are nests of Meditarrenean seal which is one of the 25 species being in danger of extinction.

There are many clean pensions and hotels, you can also stay in Pullu and Dikilitaş camps which forest is together with sea and are mostly preferred by lovers of nature.

The phone number of Turism Directorship is : 0324 814 40 58

 

 

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CAVES OF ANAMUR

The researches of BUMAK to make the scientific inventoıy of rich cave system of Anamur and its vicinity provide the revealing of those natural beings.

Çukurpanar Cave:

After Çamurlu Plateau, which is in the northwest of Anamur, one can reach at a 1890 m height swallow hole by walking 4 hours.

The cave of Çukurpınar is the second deepest cave after the deepest one in France. BUMAK team has completed their discoveıy at a 1420 m of a certain degree. As the research team discovers this wonder of nature, they name the places by taking their properties into consideration as shiny; marble basin, emerald galleries, pendulum, deep lake, stepped, art lake.

Çukurpınar Mağarası - Çukurpınar Cave

 

The waters that are accumulated in the cave of Çukurpınar came into being as a pure spring from the fountainhead and flow into The Dragon Creek.

The cave of Çukurpınar is an active swallow hole cave which is found in precipitate lime stone in miyosene sea that is affected from folding of the Alps as a horizontal discord.

Apart from the cave of Çukurpınar Cave of Uğü, which is in the Güneybahşiş village on the highway from Anamur to Ermenek is a fossil cave with a 120 m width.

Bicikli Cave which is known to be fountinhead on Abanoz Plateau, consists of stalactites and stalagmites.

The cave of Çaltı which can be reached by 35 km driving after turning left at 25 th. Kilometres of Bozyazı on the highway of Antalya Mersin, has a 48 m. of depth and 100 m of width. Inner side of the cave is rich from the point of view of bronchus bark fossil with lamel and sit as a discord on the palesoik cist limestone complex.

One can enter into the cave of Buğu which is in 500 metres north-east of Anamur from a crack. Inside of the cave is fossil and it cosists of a small saloon.

After passing Ovabaşı village in 15 km northwest of Anamur one can reach to the Cave of Köşekbükü. The cave with a 500 square meters width has become ready for tourism by illumination. There are stratificated rock edifices around it which belong to the 4 th. epoch. The inside of the cave consists of numberless stalactites and stalagmites.

The cave which is claimed to be useful for the asthma is devided into three parts as "wish", "heal" and 'peace".

In the cave of Kazıklar which is in Karaçukur village 25 km. away from Anamur there is a cave-lake.

One can reach to the cave of Dede after walking 3 hours from Yukarı Kükür village which is in north of Anamur.  Inside of the cave is almost 40 square meters and it is in fossiİ condition.

The largest cave consisting of Turkey's 570 million - year - old slips, is founded near Aydıncık. The formation of colourful dripstone goes on at a 40 m death through the lake. This formation becomes the area of reproduction for seals.

 

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 THE HOUSES OF ANAMUR

 

Examples of civil architecture belonging to the district can be found in Ortaköy village, Bozyazı and especially inAnamur.

 

Hakkı Efendi Konağı - Hakkı Efendi Mansion

Kısa Kahya Evi Restütisyonu-Oruç Çakmaklı Kısa Kahya House-While reassembling

The traditional constructions of the buildings consist of a stable in the base and two floors on it. The sitting rooms in the upstairs from a cross by the doors that lead to the rooms in the corners from the middle hall and tlıe intersection of vertical columns.

The so called "köşk" in the district which is constructed in the second floor on the stable as one roomed and with a balcony is a very original form of architecture.

 

Anamur Evi Fresko-Anamur House Fresco

 

The center of the ceiling, the furnitures designed for the corners, large cupboard, and frames of mirror and other wooden parts are decorated by curving technique as the forms of "S" and "C" with thin lathes and in Baroque style. The basin ceilings and walls of some of the houses are decorated by the technique of fresco by plant and animal motifs.

 

 

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MAMURE CASTLE

Mamure Castle is situated iıı the village limits of Bozdoğan which is 8 km far from Anamur on the highway ofAntalya-Mersin. The castle consisting of 3 parts lıas 39 towers,  a mosqııe and a Turkish bath.

Mamure Kalesi - Mamure Castle

 Mamure Kalesi Yazıtı - Mamure Castle Inscription

The castle of Mamure is constructed on antique bases Iike many of other Anatolian castles.

Some remains, the basis of which are made ııp of marble fragments called "Ryg Monai ",  belonging to the late Roman city in 3-4 th. century A.D. were founded at the dig made by Anamur Museum Directorship in 1998.

Its name was changed as "Mamure" after it was restored by Karamanoğulları in the l4th. century. Later in the 15 th, 16 th centuries the castle was restored a little and in the l8th century new additions made by The Ottomans.

 Mamure Kalesi - Mamure Castle

 

According to the history of Şikari, it is registered that as Anamur and Taşeli were captured and destroyed by non-Muslims, Karamanoğlu Mahmut Bey had defeated the enemy with his chiefs and his 36000 soldiers, then he captured the castle and developed it again, and he called it Mamure (7300-1308)

On the upper part of bulding loopholes and shelters and the walls which become larger lie a skirt towards lower parts, can be seen. The castle consists of inner court in the east, oııter castle in the west, and in the south inner castle which is contructed upon rocks and all these are devided from each other by high walls.

Starting from the high and many storied watch tower on the south coast which is called the main tower in the north east, there are five towers which are circular and consisting of four cornered, forms; and there is lighthouse tower, the upper cover of which is totally destroyed near the corner bastion. There are severt bastions all of which have different shapes belonging to high rampart which consitutes the north east boundary of inner court.

In the outer castle there are fountain stores. cisterns and some remains that we still cannot understand the function.

The only inscription that comes from the castle to our age is on the west front wall On the inscription it is written shortly "it is coııstructed by Sultan İbrahim. The son of Mehmet who is the son of Karamanoğlu Alaaddin. This date is written is Shawwal month is 854.

The house of the commander and castle warden are in the opposite to the entrance of inner castle.

 

 

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THE MOSQUE OF MAMURE CASTLE

It is situated in the castle of Mamure. One can enter to the building from short arched stone door. To enter the octagon building the center of which is a dome is provided by pendentives like the triangle of Seljuk.

In the mosque, the bricks and stones are laid harmoniously and an effect is created by the ornamentation on brieks in the entrance of the dome and on eaves.

The first construction of the mosque having the classical elements of the 16 th. century Ottoman architecture belongs to Karamanoğulları.

The cistern which is in front of the mosque and decorated by tiny arches are barrel vaults.

Mamure Kalesi Camii - Mamure Castle Mosque

 

 

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MAMURE TURKISH BATH

It is situated in the northern road. The entrance of the bath is destroyed and the sections of tepidarium and caldarium are able to reach to our age.

The building in minor sclae is supported by woodent horizontal beams and constructed by unheun stone.

The entrance to the dome is provided by triangular pendetives in the inner parts of the bath.

The wall plaster made afterwards causes the demolition of the wall frescos because of the distruction of the building as time passes. The building must have been constructed by Karamanoğulları on the date that the castle of Mamure was developed.

 

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ALABRIDGE

Ala Bridge is situated on the 18 th. km. of Anamur-Ermenek road, on Dragon Creek.

It is a bridge with one fountainhead 19.65 m. width on the main course. There is another emptying fourttainhead in the east for the flood waters as well.

The structure of the main arch is constructed by a significant workman ship and strong travertine material.

The banisters of the bridge having 54 m. length end by the extended part of the wall invisible from outside.

The bridge, without an inscription, is a magnificent architecture constructed by Karamanoğulları in the 14 th. century and it has been still used today.

Ala Köprü -Ala Bridge

 

 

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TOL CARAVANSARY

Tol Caravansary is in the 22 nd km of Alanya Highway in Demirören village.

The building which is constructed by the hard red and yellow mountain torrent and rubble of the region has two parts in the direction of south to north and is covered with circular vault.

Although there is not any inscription about the date of construction, it must belong to the 14 th – I5 th centuries.

 

 

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ANAMUR WHITE MOSQUE

It has a central with a dome made up of totally mass of shally in Akarca Neighborhood in Anamur.

The entrance is from a short arched stone door in the west. There is a stone mihrab, which is not too deep, in the opposite of the entrance and a wooden minbar which is not original on the right. On the blank pointed arches over the side walls provides a way of entrance to the dome that had never been seen in traditional turkish architecture before. The foot of the blank arches is supported by triangular props.

Instead of the wooden short minaret on the Ieft of the entrance, fluted minaret with one balcony rises on the stone pedestal. Although the date of 1326 (H) is read on the six Iined writing above the entrance door, the inscription is not original.

 

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AKARCA KHAN

It is situated in the opposite of the White Mosque in Akarca neighbourhood in Anamur. It is constructed by mountain torrent and rubbel, and has one platform and is covered with vault.

 

 

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ALTI KAPI KHAN

It is 800 m. north west of "Kharadrus" on the highway of Anamur-Antalya.

Circular arched six entrance gates lead to six places with circular vaults that are attached to each other in Altı Kapı (six gates). Khan which is constructed by mortar made of brick dust and lime between black and yellow stones of the region and mountain torrent. There are props with circular vaults and stone porch in front of these places.

The building belongs to the 14th - 15th centuries.

Altı Kapı Hanı -Altı Kapı Khan

 

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ÇOBAN CASTLE

The castle of Çoban, situated in the 15th km on the highway of  Anamur-Gazipaşa, the seaside in the west, in a thick forest. on a hill, has a plan constituting of a large court surrounded by rnany rooms. Long window applications in the court provide a vivacity on the walls. Two storied building creates a Gothic effect with its high walls.

The building of 16th-17th centuries should belong to an Ottoman Feudal lord.

 

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ANAMUR MUSEUM

Scientific archeological diggings, started in Anemurium antique city by American and Canadian scientists in 1960 suggest an idea about opening a museum in Anamur district to put the cultural remains in the region to good use.

The first foundation of the museum building was laid on the area appropriated in Yalıevleri neigborhood in 1976. After the construction procedure was completed in 1990. Exhibiting and arranging studies had an end in 1992. Because of not having a strong building for museum before, the cultural and natural beings were collected in Alanya Museum, and other remains that were found around the district were collected in Silifke Museum.

With the stuff appropriation to Anamur Museum in 1984, personnel was provided and the museum was put in to the service. In 1985 and 1986, rescue diggings were started at the remains of Rig Monai antique city in the castle of Mamure and Bozyazı (NAGIDOS) necropole.

As well as the archeological diggings of Anemurium antique city, which were carried by first both USA and Canada's participation, later by, Canada and Colombia Univercities, also since 1986 the diggings of Prof Levent Zorluoğlu, a teaching member of Selçuk University, have been started.

As well as the remains originating from Anamur and taken from Alanya and Silifke museums, also the number of the remains taken from Erdemli Museum, and brought by the people in Anamur with a great sensitivity are 9000.

In the upstairs of the museum there are the managerial rooms, library, photography room, Iecture room and in the downstairs there are cafeteria, ethnografic and archeological sections, stores for old remains and laboratory.

Folkloric materials got in this region from the period of nomadic life to the settled life are exhibited in the ethnographic section.

As well as the examples of carpets known as Bönce, Çiğni Düşük, pied, panelled and beady in the region and the wooden coffe grinder decorated by line scraping, coffee cooler; coffee box, stern board, drawer inlaid with mother-of-pearl, wooden container for storing table silver; powder flask, wooden ur-up, mortar and some metal plates made by stampa and repousse technique; there are also swords and sheppard pistols made by niello technique; neclaces, earrings and some other jewelleries made by filigre technique; cooper caldron and plates, woolen socks, drawstring, towel, saddlebag, sash, tobbaco and moneybag, camel halter. Example of watclıes and some other similar materials in the ethnografic section.

In the archeological section, some works of art taken from Anemurium, Nagidos and Kalenderei and examples of coins belonging to every period, and also various kinds of amphoras are exhibited.

 

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TİTİOPOLİS

TITIOPOLIS

In the west of Anamur; 5. km after Ovabaşı village on the right, one can reach to a place where there are remains of Kalınören willage on the hills in the north and inside of the village.

So called Kalınören village of today is signed as Titiopolis in the map which was drawn by George Evard Bean and Terence Bruce Mitford in 1964-1968 after their researches in Kilikia to show the antique places in the west of Kilikia.

There are historical remains including Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine eras among the ruins of the city.

Titiopolis Mezar-Titiopolis Hereon

Titiopolis was a city state which didn't belong to Anemurium during the antique ages.

The buildings such as bouleuterion, ninfeum, odeon and theatre that are not seen in the antique city today have probably been under the settlement of the village.

The city walls surrounding the city organizigly are made up of large and small, many-cornered, rudely sculptured stones.

The building of the bath which is come across by going towards the hills should be a gymnasium.

In the west of the bath there is a basilica consisting of three parts and the narthex of which is evident. There are sintronone stairs in the building. On the left and right of the abscissa there are diaconion rooms. These rooms are bounded to each other by a gallery behind the abscissa.

Titiopolis Bazilika - Titiopolis Basilica

The building shows the type of basilica the inner parts of which are supported by porches in three lines.

It is evident that this place is enough for meeting the needs of a large city because of having basilica, bath and necropol areas among the remains of acropol surrounded by city walls in the north of the settlement.

 

Titiopolis Halk Hamamı - Titiopolis Public Bath

The west and east basilicas in the upper city, are totally ruined. The bases of the buildings are decorated with grey and white mosaics and geo-vegetal decorations.

In the east of religious buildings there is necropol areas full of magnificent tombs. These tombs made up of sandy rock and with double vault are monumental tombs of some exalted privileged people.

Titiopolis Sarkofaj -Titiopolis sarcophagus

 
An eagle opening its wings which is orı the side of sarcofage scraped in the from of a gray, colourful hard stone rectangle and the lids of which is in the style of templum in antis in the east side of the aeropol and the bucranion carried tlıe girdlands on each side and heads of Medusa are seen. A mail figure sitting on a tripod and having a scepter in his hand is decorated in the front side of the sarcophagus.
 

Titiopolis Sarkofaj - Titiopolis sarcophagus

 

 

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ANEMURIUM

 

The remains of Anemurium city are nearly 30 km west of Nagidos, in the eastern side of cape Anamur which is at the tip of southern Anatolia. As well as we have no idea about the foundation date of the city, we haven't encountered with the remains belonging to the earlier times before Roman Empire until today. We can say that it was there in 4th century B.C. because of its name on a harbour list. It is stated by the antique sources that the name "Anemurium" was used in the meaning of "windy cape".

 

Kroki 1 - Kroki 1 (T.Boyd)

It is among the historical information reaching to us that the city was under the direction of Antiochos from Kommanage Kingdom (38-72 A.D.) when the first city walls were constructed around it in the 1’st century A.D. Anemurium used as a station by the Romans because of its closeness to Cyprus. It was also connected by a road to Germanikopolis which was one of the important cities on Taurus mountians. Therefore, it became an important merchant city from which the naturel sources of the region was exported.

Anemurium Genel - View of Anemurium

 

Anemurium was captured by Sasanis in 260 A.D. In the 4 th and 5 th centuries A.D., the pirots coming from Tourus Mountains destroyed the city frequently. The city was abondoned because of the Arabian invasions in 650 A.D.. The city coming under the dominance of Seljuk and Karamanoğulları in the 12th. and 13th centuries became a Turkish souvereignty.

Anemurium Mosaik- Barış simgeli Leopar ve oğlak (J. Russell)

Anemurium Mosaic - Leopard and kid as Symbol for peace

Anemurium was introduced to the western world by an Englishman called Francis Beaufort and his explorations in the Mediterranean in the 19th century. Archeological diggings were started by Elizabeth Alfoldi Rosenbaum from the Toronto Univercity in 1960. Later, the diggings and other scientific researches were continued by Prof James Russel from Canada and it was over in 2000.

Anemurium Halk Hamamı -Anemurium Public Bath

 

Anemurium consists of two parts as upper city and lower city. The most magnificent constructions such as city walls, three baths, a half-constructed theatre with 60 m width, odeon enough, for 900 people and palestra are in the lower city. Some of the base mosaics founded on the pavements along the each side of the harbour street are exhibited in the museum.

 

Anemurium Mozaik-(j. Russell)-Anemurium Mosaic

The cemetry which is the out of the city walls is the necropol area which is protected very well. The number of these are 350-400. The walls of some examples of one and two storied vaulted tombs are covered with frescos and mosaics. There are sarcophagus rooms, visiting area and some other added areas in the tombs in general.

Anemurium Odeon-Anemurium Odeon

 

The bases of the oldest tombs with craddle vaults are constructed by Iarge lime stones. Some additional places are constructed in the second tomb style seen in the necropol. The style of the third tomb was made up of additional buildings as a unit connected to the oId style tombs in the garden. Apart from these there are also tomb styles which are in the         from of edicule, the four sides of which are arched and in shape of truncated cone.

 

Anemurium Mozaik-(Antike Welt)-Anemurium Mosaic

- AnemuriumNecropol

Anemurium -Athena Kantar ağırlığı (Antike Welt)

Anemurium Athena Kantar Weight

Apart from the water arches providing the drinking water for the  city some remains of the church belonging to the earliest Christianity times were founded.
 

Anemurium bronz madalyon Antike Welt-Anemurium Bronze Medal

Anemurium Nekropol -Anemurium Necropol

Anemurium Fresko -Anemurium Fresco (Antike Welt)

 

The oil candles decorated by fired soil human faces are the most interesting Anemurium remains exhibited in the museum. Apart from this, some tomb gifts made from bronze and bone, a weight for cantar in the shape of Goddes Athena made from bronze in Roman Ages, some objects made from various materials which reflect folk art in Byzantine age are among the other important finds.

 

 

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DEMİROLUK

The remains of Demiroluk is after 18 km from Abanoz Plateau on the highway of Anamur-Ermenek.

The first things paid atention among remains of Demiroluk are rock tombs which are scraped on block rocks. As well as the sides of tombs having triangle pediments, they are decorated by columns and ranks.

There are "acroter" ornamentations on two sides of the area in the triangle pediment, is one of this rock tombs. ln the western side of the antique city, again in the triangle pediment in one of the rock tombs a cavalryman having a shield in his hand, on a horse rearing up towards the right, is decorated in high relief.

The remains of the tombs resemble to the rock rombs of lsaura antique city near Bozkır.

 

 

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KÖRİSTANLIK

So called "Çandır" known as the ruins of the city is on the antigue road reaching to Anemurium from Iconium, Germanikapolis after passing Akpınar Plateau on the highway  of Anamur-Ermenek.

The antique city consists of acropol and necropol areas on the slopes.

There are many rock tombs in the northwest of the antique city. The sides of the tombs are in the style of "Templum in antis" and are decorated with two colum ranks.

 

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BONCUKLU KALE

There are remains of Boncuklu castle in the forest of the hills in 3 km left of the highway of Anamur- Ermenek.

The castle, contituting the center of the antique city, is constructed by mass of shally in the oval form. There are 34 places in the iwan form inside the city walls. The sides of the watching places on the building are surrounded with the bastions of 1 m height. The corners of the walls of the castle are constructed by the towers form of  square.

 

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AZITEPE

There are remains of Azıtepe in the village limits of Çarıklar on the highway of Anamur-Bozyazı.

A major scale basilica building, belonging to the 4th century A.D. the abscissa and the traces of sintronone of which is evident, is seen in the east of the antique settlement.

There is a bath with craddle vaulted made up of unhewn stone in the south of the ruins.

 

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KIZIL CHURCH

It is situuted in Kızılaliler village which is 8 km North of Anamur. A basilica with there Landings is seen in the ruins. the building remind us of lsaura building in the 5th and 6 th centuries.

Kızıl Kilise – Kızıl Church

 

 

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ANITLI WATCH TOWER

The building is in Yakacık village on the highway of Anamur­ - Alanya.

It is on the strong bases made of mass of shally and two-storied. The open spaces of the place are circular vaulted and its upper cover is craddle roofed. The watch tower belonging to the 4th and 5 th centuri­es A.D. must be an imporiant patrol building in its time.

  Anıtlı Gözetleme Kulesi -Anıtlı Watch Tower

 

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OTAK VILLAGE CHAPEL BUILDING

 

It is situated on the coast of Kaledran Creek which is 10 km left after turning right from Yakacık village on the highway of Anamur­Alanya.

The building belonging to the Byzantine period is a small one having cult rooms in the two sides of the abcissa with one Ianding and made of unhewn stone and mass of shally.

Otak Köyü Şapel Binası - Otak Village Chapel Building

 

 

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AYVASIL

There are simple city walls, building remains and a bath on the right, 2 km far away on the road of Anamur-Ermenek.

 

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KANDACIK NECROPOL

In Kandacık Necropol which is near Malaklar village on the road of Anamur - Ermenek, tombs in the form of cube and other building remains belonging to the Roman period are seen.

 

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ARAB HOLE

The hole must belong to the hollows of the sarcophagus which are placed on hundreds of hollowe-out wooden beams set on the high rocks in Arab hole area near the Çukurabanoz village. Rock tombs with triangular roof and embossed cross are seen in the ruins as well.

 

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 SIHARDICI

The antiqe city situated upon a high hill, near Arab Hole is highly demolished. Corinthean heading of columns and other architectural pieces that are seen in the place of ruins must belong to some important buildings.

 

Şıh Ardıcı kalıntıları - Şıh Ardıcı tuins

 

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HALKALI

There are remains of Halkalı in the forest area which is on the left after passing Abanoz Plateau on the road of Anamur-Ermenek.

The rock tombs with columns triangular frontals belonging to the Roman era in the ruins attract attention.

 

 

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ABANOZ

Highly demolished city remains are seen oıı the hills which are on the right of Abanoz Plateau on the road of Anamur-Ermenek. There are understructred rock tombs in the necropol area on the right of the antigue city.

  Abanoz kaya mezarı -Abanoz rock tomb

 

 

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ZİNCİRLİTEPE

There are numberless remains the function of which is not yet solved and necropol area in the north of Kızılaliler village which is in the west of Anamur.

 

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FILIR CASTLE

There are remains of Filir castle near Vilayet village in the north west of Anamur. A cistern, simple city ramparts and necropol area belonging to the late Roman era are seen in the ruins.

 

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GÖZTAŞI

In the west of Anamur within the village limits of Sarıdana, there are architectural remains upon a hill on the left side whose functions are not clearIy understood as a result of excessive destruction.

 

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OVABASI

In the west of Anamur, in the ruin within the village Iimits of Ovabası, there is seen an area of a basilica, cistern and necropol whose abcissa, belonging to Roman and Byzantine eras are highly evident.

 

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NINFEUM

The middle of the side columns, belonging to the monumental fountain situated near Sarıdana village is decorated with heads of lion and Medusa. The construction is of Roman era.

 

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ZAVRAKTAŞ

It is situated in the north eastern side of Anamur, close to Filir castle. The remain is made up of the grey blockstone of the era. Zavrak (Window) is named as a stone because of the great wideness in the shape of an abcissa just in the center of the stone. The monumental remain, which is thought to have been used for ritualistik purposes, should be belonging to the Hittite era.

 

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KUDRET CASTLE

Upon a hill in the plain side of Anamur, opposite to Kaş plateau, castle ramparts belonging to Roman era and remains of other contructions can be seen.

 

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CENNET COVE

This cove contains a basilica the abcissa of which remained until our age and other remains. It is on the left of 17 km of Anamur Gazipaşa highway.

 

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THE MAP OF ANAMUR

1 - Belediye (Municipality)

2 - Kaymakamlık - Adliye (Goverment, Justice)

3 - Hastane (Hospital)

4 - Otogar - Turizm Danışma

(Bus Station, Tourist Information)

5- PTT (Post Office)

6 - Mezkez Camisi (Merkez Mosque)

7-Ak Cami (Ak Mosque)

8-Stadyum (Stadium)

9-Sanayi, tamirhaneler (Industry, Repair Shops)

10 - Köşekbükü Mağarası (Köşekbükü Cave)

11 - Mamure Kalesi (Mamure Castle)

12-Anemurium

13- İskele (Harbour)

14-Plaj (Beach)

15 - Universite (University)

16 - Ormanlık Alan (Forest Area)

17-Tarım Alanı (Agriculture Area)

18- Pullu Kamping (Pullu Camping)

 

 

 

ANAMUR AND ITS VICINITY

This is a publication of Gürbüz Commercial Agency

 

PUBLISHER    : Hacı Gürbüz

PHOTOGRAPHER     : Hacı Gürbüz

TEXT     : Özge F. Uysal - Archeologist

TRANSLATED BY      : Mehmet Aydın

GÜRBÜZ REKLAM AJANSI

 

TEL: 0.324.814 42 60    gurbuzreklam@anamur.gen.tr

 

 

www.anamur.gen.tr/gurbuzreklam

 

Bu kitabın tüm yayın hakları GÜRBÜZ REKLAM AJANSI'na aittir.

Yazılı izin alınmadan kısmen veya tamamen alıntı yapılamaz. Hiç bir şekilde kopya edilemez, çoğaltılamaz ve yayınlanamaz.

 

ISBN:975-288-508-3

 

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